Akhenaten the rebel pharaoh
Host and Egyptologist Bob Brier takes the viewer on a journey by this video, back through time to the most radical pharaoh of Egyptian history,
Akhenaten, who was a visionary and revolutionary. Born Amenhotep IV,
he changed his name to Akhenaten to reflect his belief in Aten as a monotheistic god, rejecting the polytheistic tradition of his country.
The “Rebel Pharaoh” was also an artist, who broke from the art forms of the past, creating stylized sculpture and paintings.
His artworks are included in the presentation.
Akhenaton, what a wonderful story!
More about Akhenaten
Akhenaten, meaning “Effective for Aten”, known before the fifth year of his reign as Amenhotep IV (sometimes given its Greek form, Amenophis IV, and meaning Amun is Satisfied), was a pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt who ruled for 17 years and died perhaps in 1336 BC or 1334 BC.
He is especially noted for abandoning traditional Egyptian polytheism and introducing worship centered on the Aten, which is sometimes described as monotheistic or henotheistic.
An early inscription likens the Aten to the sun as compared to stars, and later official language avoids calling the Aten a god, giving the solar deity a status above mere gods.
Akhenaten tried to bring about a departure from traditional religion, yet in the end it would not be accepted.
After his death, traditional religious practice was gradually restored, and when some dozen years later rulers without clear rights of succession from the Eighteenth Dynasty founded a new dynasty, they discredited Akhenaten and his immediate successors, referring to Akhenaten himself as “the enemy” or “that criminal” in archival records.
He was all but lost from history until the discovery, in the 19th century, of Amarna, the site of Akhetaten, the city he built for the Aten.
Early excavations at Amarna by Flinders Petrie sparked interest in the enigmatic pharaoh, whose tomb was unearthed in 1907 in a dig led by Edward R. Ayrton.
Interest in Akhenaten increased with the discovery in the Valley of the Kings, at Luxor, of the tomb of King Tutankhamun, who has been proved to be Akhenaten’s son according to DNA testing in 2010. A mummy found in KV55 in 1907 has been identified as that of Akhenaten.
Akhenaten and and Tutankhamun are related without question, but the identification of the KV55 mummy as Akhenaten has been questioned. Modern interest in Akhenaten and his queen, Nefertiti, comes partly from his connection with Tutankhamun, partly from the unique style and high quality of the pictorial arts he patronized, and partly from ongoing interest in the religion he attempted to establish.
The god of the sun Amun Ra
Amun (also Amon, Ammon, Amen) is the ancient Egyptian god of the sun … He is one of the most important gods of ancient Egypt who rose… …
A god who personified the mysterious hidden nature of existence, …
In Amun, the most important aspects of both Ra and Atum were … Amun, Ramesses II, & Mut.
Amun is first mentioned in the Pyramid Texts (c. 2400-2300 BCE) as a local god of Thebes along with his consort Amaunet.
At this time, the supreme god of Thebes was the war god Montu and the creator god was regarded as Atum (also known as Ra).
Montu was a fierce warrior who protected the city and helped it expand while Atum was the supremely powerful, self-created deity who arose on the primordial mound from the waters of chaos at the beginning of creation.
Amun, at this time, was associated with protecting the king but, largely, was simply a local fertility god paired with his consort Amaunet as part of the Ogdoad, eight gods who represented the primordial elements of creation.
Egyptian Mythology has the most interesting Gods of the ancient world, including Ra, Amun, Osiris, Isis, Horus, Seth, Anubis, Thoth, Ptah, Sekhmet, Bastet, Hathor and Neith.
Starting with the creation of the world, we will witness the birth of the Gods and their epic power struggle to become the Pharaoh of Egypt.
At the beginning of time, there was only Nu, the primeval waters of chaos.
Then, in a great flood, the sun god Atum rose from the water and willed himself into creation.
Atum then created Air, a son he named Shu, and moisture, a daughter he named Tefnut.
They were the first divine pair and soon had children of their own, the Earth named Geb, and the Sky called Nut.
This second divine pair then had four children of their own, Osiris, Isis, Seth and Nephthys, completing the group of nine primeval Gods known as the Ennead, consisting of Atum and his eight descendants.
In this video you hear about all this gods
Bastet the Cat Goddess
Who is Bastet the Cat Goddess?
Bastet or Bast was the Ancient Egyptian Cat Goddess of fertility, motherhood, and protection. She was originally a lion god, like her sister Sekhmet, but transformed into a cat.
Watch the story of how Bastet came into existence, under her father, Sun God Ra.
The reason why Bastet transforms from a lion god to a cat god is detailed in this documentary.
Why did Egypt love cats so much? The rise in the popularity of cats in ancient Egypt is another fascinating subject that is explored.
Bubastis Temple & Festival: Bastet’s tomb and cult center Bubastis is also explored in detail.
See what Greek historian Herodotus had to say about his experience at the Bubastis temple and the Bubastis festival.